As an internationally operating supplier to the automotive industry, Neapco is receiving an increasing number of enquiries for electric vehicle components. A current electronic vehicle project the company is undertaking is a drive shaft, which has been supported with cutting tools from MAPAL.
Located in Düren in theNorth Rhine-Westphalia area in Germany, the company relies on ball nose milling cutters from MAPAL for hard machining the outer face of the constant velocity joint of the drive shaft.
“The trend towards electro mobility is becoming visible at Neapco,” says Ahmet Simsek, who is in charge of tool management at the Neapco plant in Düren. This is hardly surprising, given that Neapco supplies many renowned automotive manufacturers with drive shafts from the plant in Düren and has positioned itself optimally for this task. “We were recently certified according to IATF standard 16949 (quality management in the automotive industry) with a high level of flexibility, efficiency and quality which is required in such a highly competitive environment.”
Neapco and MAPAL started working together long before Industry 4.0 and connected systems became part of the production shops. “It must have been at the end of the 1980s when we started working on our first joint projects with MAPAL,” Ahmet Simsek and Klaus Schwamborn, Area Sales Manager at MAPAL, try to reconstruct their history of collaboration. “We have also been working together successfully in the area of ball nose milling of constant velocity joints (CV joints) for a few years now,” says Ahmet Simsek. This is why the precision tool manufacturer was the first choice when it came to hard machining of the CV joints in the current project, a drive shaft for an electric vehicle.
MAPAL is on the Ball
The production of the latest line of drive shafts started at the beginning of 2018, and the production volume will be as high as 35,000 units in 2019. “We use the ball nose milling cutters from MAPAL to machine the ball raceways of what is known as the bell or axle spindle, for which strict tolerances are specified,” says Ahmet Simsek.
It is important that this drive shaft joint transmits the torque with as little influence on the steering as possible, even in the case of large working angles on the drive gears of front-wheel drive vehicles. This is why all requirements regarding quality, dimensions and surface qualities must be observed in a process-consistent manner. For example, the contact angle must be within a tolerance of ± 5°.
The machining of the forged axle spindles on an EMAG VSC 250 Twin machining centre makes high demands on the machine as well as the machining technology. The C50 mod. material exhibits a hardness between 58 and 63 HRc after induction hardening. “Our ball nose milling cutters are used for the final hard machining of the raceways,” explains Klaus Schwamborn. The tool, which has four soldered PcBN blades, removes between 0.2 and 0.4 mm of material.
MAPAL’s own high-precision connection
The tool is connected to the tool holder via MAPAL’s own HFS connection (Head Fitting System). The milling head is pulled into the holder with a high-strength clamping screw. The cutting head is aligned via the short taper so that it is accurate to the micron and clamped against the surface to ensure that the length dimensions in relation to the HSK face surface are observed. This highly stable connection also enables a high feed rate.
“The biggest challenge when designing the tool was to observe the tolerances in terms of a symmetrical contact angle and surface quality,” Schwamborn recollects. In the interest of cost-effective production, Neapco also places value on a long tool life. “On the basis of the profound knowledge we have gathered over many years, we tailored the tool to fit Neapco’s application and requirements,” says Schwamborn. The tool geometry was adjusted precisely to the required values in terms of raceway clearance and the osculation of the balls that lie between the inner and outer races.
Optimum technical support
Within just a few days in 2018, the machining process was completely broken in and Neapco’s requirements were all met. Process-reliable production was ensured in no time at all. “MAPAL provided optimal technical support and assistance during the start of production. Cooperative, open and trusting collaboration with our partners is incredibly important to us, and this is exactly the kind of relationship we have with MAPAL.” To maintain this relationship, MAPAL application engineers and product specialists often visit Neapco, which has also set up a consignment warehouse with the MAPAL tools.
So it is not surprising that Neapco uses numerous other MAPAL tools for its manufacturing – mainly fine boring tools as well as solid carbide drills and milling cutters.