A second pair of twin-pallet, horizontal machining centres (HMCs) from Heller has been installed in the Booth Drive, Wellingborough factory of Mahle Powertrain, an independent company specialising in the design, development, test and manufacture of combustion engines. A 4-axis Heller H2000 has joined two identical models in an eight-machine production line dedicated to manufacturing cylinder blocks, while a larger, 5-axis FP6000 has been added to a flexible machining cell to expand its capabilities.
At the end of 2016, Mahle's project manager Geoff Brown, production engineer Bob Price and others decided that the decade-old line producing aluminium engine blocks for a major British OEM needed to be upgraded. It comprises six HMCs each performing separate operations plus two bore honing machines positioned at the end.
All HMCs were originally supplied by a Japanese manufacturer, but in early 2017 the first two machines in the line were replaced with Heller H2000s. Designed at the company's German headquarters, they were manufactured at the group's UK factory in Redditch.
Mr Brown advised, "We were already familiar with Heller machines, as we operated 21 of them very successfully for more than a decade at our facility in nearby Ryle Drive.
"They were used for manufacturing cylinder heads and blocks for a British off-road plant manufacturer, although that contract has now ended and the machines have been sold.
"I also had experience working with Heller horizontal machining centres at another engine manufacturer that operated more than 20 of them in a transfer line.
"We sent some V8 cylinder blocks to Heller's Redditch technical centre, where they carried out Op 10 and Op 20 trials on an H2000, which is ideally sized for the work.
"Op 20 was particularly successful, as with new fixturing it overcame a problem we were having machining a side port in the new model of cylinder block currently in production."
Consequently, the first two machines in the production line at Booth Drive were replaced with Hellers and the benefits were immediately noticeable. Mr Price advised, "The cycle time for each of the first two operations is one-third faster on the new machines, eight minutes instead of the previous 12.
"Impressively, the 33 percent time reductions have been achieved despite adding extra routines by including some sections of the Op 40 cycle into Op 10 and parts of Op 30 into Op 20."
The raised productivity is largely down to the rigidity of the H2000s, the higher speed (16,000 rpm) spindles with HSK63A interface and programmable through-coolant up to 70 bar, all of which allow faster cutting feed rates. Rapid traverse is quicker than before and further time savings derive from integral hydraulics for automatically clamping the engine blocks and air detect for checking that the component is seated correctly. A probe in the tool magazine for identifying broken cutters shaves off further time by removing that function from the cycles.
Mr Brown pointed out that all these features are fitted as a matter of course to the Hellers, whereas many other machine manufacturers class them as extras, increasing both cost and delivery lead-time. The offer of generously equipped, standard machines, with the enhanced back-up that their manufacture in the UK promised, was a significant factor in Mahle's choice of the H2000s to upgrade the line. So also was the efficient swarf management, essential to remove large amounts of aluminium chips efficiently from the machining area and avoid hours of costly machine stoppage to clear accumulated swarf.
No-scan / no-run safety software is run through the Siemens control to prevent a component from being machined unless its barcode has been scanned. Linked into Mahle's new SAP enterprise resource planning system, which became operational at the start of 2018, the data provides traceability to ensure stock accuracy and has eliminated having to track paperwork manually.
Capital expenditure (capex) approval to replace the third HMC was given by the Mahle board in mid-2017 and another Heller H2000 was ordered. Built in Redditch and commissioned at the beginning of this year, it took over Op 30 from its predecessor during February 2018. Again, the previous 12-minute cycle has been cut to eight minutes, despite taking some of the load from Op 50 as well. When the fourth H2000 assumes responsibility for Op 40, it will carry out some of the Op 60 cutting scheme in addition to delivering a more efficient Op 40 routine. By then, the TAKT time for the whole line will be 10 minutes. Performing Ops 50 and 60 on Hellers in the future will lower it further to eight minutes.
Another ongoing project at the Booth Drive facility is the reorganisation of the shop floor so that all six HMCs and the two bore honing machines are in a straight line, as at present some zigzagging is involved. That will allow two operators to be deployed on other work, one from Ops 50 and 60 and one from the honing section, helping to amortise the capex more quickly. The overhead gantry is being extended and reconfigured so that the existing Dalmec equipment can be retained for handling the 45 kg aluminium blocks in and out of the machines.
The other big advantage of the rearrangement will be to slash work-in-progress to two or three components, whereas at present there are sometimes as many as 100 queuing on the shop floor. The beneficial consequences will include major savings in tied-up capital, reduced double handling, minimal risk of damage and less space taken up on the shop floor.
The line currently operates 24 hours a day, five days a week, saving overtime compared with when it ran 24/7 due to a previous longer TAKT time. Tight tolerances are held, including 50 to 70 microns on true position of some features and 10 to 12 microns on holes up to 16 mm diameter. Prior to honing, each cylinder bore and crank bore is pre-machined to 28 microns roundness, 0.15 mm true position and 50 microns squareness.
Expanded flexible machining facility
In another development elsewhere in the factory, at the start of this year a Heller FP6000 5-axis HMC built in Germany was added to a pre-existing flexible machining line that already comprised a vertical machining centre and three HMCs of a different make, all 5-axis models. During a recent open day held in the Wellingborough factory, it was explained that the line has been relaunched as a facility for the manufacture of up to V12 and inline 6 heads and blocks as well as a wide range of other prismatic parts, from one-offs to runs of up to 20,000, for customers in any industry.
Previously, the line was used for producing cylinder heads for a German OEM. To make it more suited to diverse subcontract work and to lower future fixturing costs, all five machines are being fitted with a zero-point modular plate system for workholding. When configured, the line will initially machine a variety of currently-produced components, with the potential to produce components for customers in many different sectors.